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Control, monitoring & surveillance

Photo: IMR.

As a part of Norway’s strategy to ensure a sustainable management of the marine living resources, a major effort has been made to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated fisheries (IUU fishing) and marine living resources crime (MLR crime). Read more

Photo: Scanfishphoto.

Electronic reporting of catch and activity data by fishing vessels and position reporting is a vital part of Norwegian resource management and in particular monitoring, control and surveillance. Electronic reporting is also important to obtain accurate catch statistics. Read more

A step forward in combating illegal, unreported and unregulated fisheries is the the catch certificate scheme. On 29 September 2008, the EU adopted a regulation to prevent, deter and eliminate illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fisheries. Read more

For the year 2009 no IUU fishing of cod was detected. A concerted effort by the Norwegian and Russian authorities has halted illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) catches of cod in the Barents Sea, which were estimated at more than 100 000 tonnes a year. Read more

Photo: The Norwegian Coast Guard .

The ban on discarding fish that are dead or dying was introduced in Norwegian fisheries legislation in 1987. Discard of fish means a massive waste of food and potential income. The discard ban is part of a larger, comprehensive package of policies to minimize the discard problem. Read more

Photo: Institute of Marine Research.

Resource control in Norway is directed at the entire chain, from the point in time when the fish is caught in the sea, through its storage and sale and to its export abroad. The dominant goal of marine resource management is to aid a sound fisheries policy founded on long-term thinking, profitability and sustainable harvesting of marine life. Read more

Fishermen facing by-catch problems caused by the king crab in the coastal gillnet- and longline fisheries, are those qualifying to fish king crabs in Norwegian waters. Detailed criteria are established to secure participation from those fishermen that experience major problems with by-catches of crabs in connection with other fisheries. Read more

Foreign vessels wanting to fish in areas subject to Norwegian fisheries jurisdiction must have a licence and are obliged to report their catches to The Directorate of Fisheries. Read more

Photo: The Norwegian Coast Guard .

It is complicated to make a reliable estimate of the extent of IUU fisheries. Inevitably, it can be argued that IUU fishing is an obstacle to the efficient management of the living resources in the sea. Read more

The fisheries regulations are enforced both at sea, when the fish is landed and when it is exported. At sea, the Coast Guard is responsible for inspecting fishing vessels and checking their catch against their log books. Read more

Photo: The Norwegian Coast Guard.

Together with The Directorate of Fisheries and the sales associations, the Coast Guard is responsible for exercising resource control. The Coast Guard is subordinated to the Ministry of Defence and one of its primary missions is to monitor the fisheries. Read more

Photo: Directory of Fisheries.

Illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing and marine living resource (MLR) crime constitutes one of the principal issues in contemporary marine resource management. Read more

Photo: EFF, Gaumy.

In order to address the issue effectively, efforts to combat IUU fisheries should be comprehensive and made in many areas simultaneously. The issues included are illegal fishing, transshipment at sea, forgery of origin, covert landings and so on. Read more

Over the last few decades the Norwegian fisheries industry has evolved from a virtually unrestricted activity into a highly regulated industry with quotas and licensing requirements. Roughly 90 per cent of Norway ’s fisheries harvest stocks that are shared with other nations. Read more