Consequently, international cooperation is a critical aspect of the Norwegian management regime. For the most important fish stocks quota levels are set in cooperation with other countries, including Russia, Iceland, Faroe Islands and Greenland and EU Member States.
A primary basis for determining fishing quotas are the recommendations issued through ICES from Norwegian and international marine researchers. Norway attaches great importance to research, and actively seeks to acquire increased knowledge of the marine environment and resources, as well as expertise on the interaction of different species.
Monitoring, Control and Surveillance is directed at the entire production chain, from when the fish is caught in the sea, through its storage and sale to its export abroad. Both Norwegian and foreign fishing vessels are subject to stringent controls in all Norwegian fishing waters. The Coast Guard annually performs more than 1,800 inspections of Norwegian and foreign vessels operating in Norwegian waters.
Vessels over 24 metres (15 metres for vessels from EU) are required to carry satellite transponders that permit their activities to be tracked 24 hours a day, all year round. Once catches have been landed, the landing data are cross-checked against the fishing rights of the vessel. This task is performed by the fish sales organizations and the Directorate of Fisheries.
In addition to the Coast Guard and the Directorate of Fisheries, control activity is also carried out by the fishermens own sales organisations. The sales organisations are responsible for gathering (collecting) statistics in connection with first-hand sale of fish and fishproducts. The information is then transmitted to the Directorate of Fisheries.